The men argue, and Achilles threatens to withdraw from battle and take his people, the Myrmidons, back home to Phthia. Book 3 The Trojan army marches from the city gates and advances to meet the Achaeans.
As potent as the rage that Achilles feels toward Agamemnon is his ability to intimidate the Trojans. Priam marvels at their strength and splendor but eventually leaves the scene, unable to bear watching Paris fight to the death.
For while the mortals engage in their armed warfare, the gods engage in their own squabbles. Menelaus considers accepting a ransom in return for the life of Adrestus, a Trojan he has subdued, but Agamemnon persuades him to kill the man outright.
Ever since his quarrel with Agamemnon, Achilles has refused to participate in battle, and, after twelve days, Thetis makes her appeal to Zeus, as promised. Homer often fleshes out the characters being killed by telling stories about their backgrounds or upbringings.
Although the Trojan War as a whole figures prominently in the work, this larger conflict ultimately provides the text with background rather than subject matter. She summons Helen there too. He uses this technique, for instance, when, after Aeneas fells Orsilochus and Crethon midway through Book 5, he recounts the story of how these twins joined up with the Achaean ranks.
When Agamemnon refuses, Chryses prays to Apollo for help. After all, Achilleus had no personal stake in the fight with Troy. Back on the battlefield, both the Trojans and the Greeks search for Paris, who seems to have magically disappeared. After Chryses pleads his case, all of the Achaians except Agamemnon agree that Chryseis should be returned to her home.
At this point, Achilleus nearly kills Agamemnon on the spot, but he is restrained by the goddess Athene. Hector meets Paris on his way out of the city, and the brothers prepare to rejoin the battle.
Athena and Hera also depart the scene of the battle. The Trojans anticipate downfall, and the soothsayer Helenus urges Hector to return to Troy to ask his mother, Queen Hecuba, along with her noblewomen, to pray for mercy at the temple of Athena.
He then visits his brother Paris, who has withdrawn from battle, claiming he is too grief-stricken to participate. When he lands, he returns the maiden and makes sacrifices to Apollo. She warns him, however, not to challenge any of them except Aphrodite.
The anger of Chryses and Apollo has been appeased. Hera rallies the rest of the Achaean troops, while Athena encourages Diomedes. He advises that the only way to stop the bloodshed is to let Chryseis go.The Iliad: Novel Summary: ChaptersFree Study Guides and book notes including comprehensive chapter analysis, complete summary analysis, author biography information, character profiles, theme analysis, metaphor analysis, and top ten quotes on classic literature.
Iliad Chapter Summaries Homer. Homework Help. Book 1 Summary and Analysis Summary The Iliad begins with the narrator requesting help from his Muse in telling his tale.
In this introductory. A summary of Books 3–4 in Homer's The Iliad. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of The Iliad and what it means.
Perfect for acing essays, tests, and. A summary of Books 5–6 in Homer's The Iliad. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of The Iliad and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and. The Iliad – Chapter 5 Summary Achilles takes pity on the Greeks and he sends his good friend Patroclus to go talk to Nestor, the king of Pylos.
The battle rages on in Homer's ''The Iliad''. While many brave men lose their lives, the gods intervene to spare the men they favor.
This lesson will cover the events of Book 5 in Homer's epic poem.Download